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Inprove Gas Mileage
If you already own a car, there are several gas consumption factors which you can't control: engine size and design, vehicle weight and wind resistance, gasoline quality and
formulation. There are, however, a few ways in which you are the master of your driving fate, so let's concentrate on those. All of the strategies boil down to two words:
maintenance and driving habits.
Maintain optimum tire pressure
It sounds like a no-brainer, but when was the last time that you checked your tire pressure? It takes more effort for an engine to propel an under inflated tire than a properly
inflated one--the engine uses more gas to move it along.
The trickiest part of checking your tire pressure is that you actually have to check it twice: once before the vehicle has been moved that day, and again when you're at a gas
station with an air hose. The first reading is from a cold tire, and it's the accurate one, while the second is from a tire that has warmed up from rolling on the pavement. The
second reading will be a bit higher than the first. Here's the routine:
- Get a good quality tire gauge, and measure the pressure in all four tires before you move the vehicle. You'll do this by removing the plastic caps on your valve
stems and pressing the gauge firmly down over the metal threads on the end of the stem. You'll hear a little hiss as a bit of air escapes, but when you press the gauge firmly
down and hold it there, the noise will stop and the gauge will register the tire pressure.
- Write down the measurement for each tire--this is your cold measurement. Tire companies specifications reflect cold tire pressures, and pressure is measured
in PSI, or pounds per square inch.
- The auto manufacturer has specified tire pressures for both front and back tires. Look for these specs on the inside edge of the driver's door, on the inside of the
glove compartment door, or in the owner's manual. Use these numbers, rather than the numbers printed on the outside of the tire, to find out how much pressure should be in the
- Tires lose pressure at different rates.If you measure tire pressure every few weeks or so, you'll get a better idea of how often adjustments are necessary.
Don't try to go by the tires appearance, as modern radial tires often look under inflated when they're not. Overly inflated tires can wear unevenly, so don't
try to over inflate them into balloons.
Keep your engine tuned properly
Nowadays, most cars on the road have electronic ignitions that are simpler to maintain than they used to be, but there are still a few items that need attention.
- The air filter should be replaced when you can't easily see light through it.
- The timing should be properly adjusted.
- The spark plugs should be clean.
Keep your exhaust system in good shape. A hole in your muffler or along your exhaust pipe will reduce your gas mileage as well as making noise and a bad smell.
In general, the faster you go, the more gas you use.
The defunct "Drive 55" campaign in the U.S.A. was not only a safety measure, it was also an energy conservation measure: cars use less gas at 55 mph than at 65 mph). Leave
ten minutes earlier than you planned to, and drive a little slower than you normally do. As a bonus, you'll have more reaction time and may keep yourself out of an accident.
- Heavy acceleration and hard braking greatly reduce gas mileage. Smooth acceleration from traffic lights and gradual braking at stop signs will help more than you might
think. And if you're driving through a residential area, you'll make it a safer and more pleasant place for the folks who live there.
- Constant speeds, rather than speeding up and slowing down, help enormously. That's why highway gas mileage estimates are always higher than the estimates for
around-town driving. If you can plan your route to avoid strings of traffic lights, stop signs or children's play areas, your gas mileage will definitely improve.
- In most cars, the air conditioner draws power from the engine, using a belt. Every time that you turn on the air conditioner, the engine has to use more gas to keep the
car moving. Although opening the windows can also reduce your gas mileage by reducing the aerodynamic efficiency, it's still better than running the air conditioner.
- Overloading the car makes the engine work overly hard and consume extra gas. If you can split the luggage (or building supplies) between two vehicles, then do it. This
doesn't mean, however, that you ought to take two cars when one car will suffice.